When you send a message, you intend to relate meaning, but the message itself doesn’t include meaning. The meaning exists in your mind and in the mind of your receiver. To understand one another, you and your receiver must share similar meanings for words, gestures, tone of voice, and other symbols.
1. Differences in perception
The world permanently bombards us with information: sights, sounds, scents, and so on. Our minds create this stream of sensation into a reasoning map that represents our perception or reality. In no case is the perception of a inevitable man the same as the world itself, and no two maps are identical. As you view the world, your mind absorbs your experiences in a unique and personal way. Because your perceptions are unique, the ideas you want to express differ from other people’s Even when two population have experienced the same event, their reasoning images of that event will not be identical. As senders, we pick the details that seem prominent and focus our attentiveness on the most relevant and general, a process known as selective perception. As receivers, we try to fit new details into our existing pattern. If a information doesn’t quite fit, we are inclined to distort the information rather than rearrange the pattern.
2. Incorrect filtering
Filtering is screening out before a message is passed on to man else. In business, the filters in the middle of you and your receiver are many; secretaries, assistants, receptionists, answering machines, etc. Those same gatekeepers may also ‘translate’ your receiver’s ideas and responses before passing them on to you. To overcome filtering barriers, try to create more than one transportation channel, eliminate as many intermediaries as possible, and decrease distortion by condensing message information to the bare essentials.
3. Language problems
When you pick the words for your message, you signal that you are a member of a particular culture or subculture and that you know the code. The nature of your code imposes its own barriers on your message. Barriers also exist because words can be interpreted in more than one way. Language is an arbitrary code that depends on shared definitions, but there’s a limit to how thoroughly any of us share the same meaning for a given word. To overcome language barriers, use the most definite and correct words possible. All the time try to use words your audience will understand. Increase the accuracy of your messages by using language that describes rather than evaluates and by presenting observable facts, events, and circumstances.
4. Poor listening
Perhaps the most coarse barricade to reception is simply a lack of attentiveness on the receiver’s part. We all let our minds ramble now and then, regardless of how hard we try to concentrate. population are essentially likely to drift off when they are forced to listen to information that is difficult to understand or that has exiguous direct bearing on their own lives. Too few of us simply do not listen well! To overcome barriers, paraphrase what you have understood, try to view the situation straight through the eyes of other speakers and resist jumping to conclusions. justify meaning by asking non-threatening questions, and listen without interrupting.
5. Differing emotional states
Every message contains both a content meaning, which deals with the branch of the message, and a association meaning, which suggests the nature of the interaction in the middle of sender and receiver. transportation can break down when the receiver reacts negatively to either of these meanings. You may have to deal with population when they are upset or when you are. An upset man tends to ignore or distort what the other man is saying and is often unable to gift feelings and ideas effectively. This is not to say that you should avoid all transportation when you are emotionally involved, but you should be alert to the greater potential for misunderstanding that accompanies aroused emotions. To overcome emotional barriers, be aware of the feelings that arise in your self and in others as you communicate, and exertion to control them. Most important, be alert to the greater potential for misunderstanding that accompanies emotional messages.
6. Differing backgrounds
Differences in background can be one of the hardest transportation barriers to overcome. Age, education, gender, group status, economic position, cultural background, temperament, health, beauty, popularity, religion, political belief, even a passing mood can all separate one man from someone else and make insight difficult. To overcome the barriers related with differing backgrounds, avoid projecting your own background or culture onto others. justify your own and understand the background of others, spheres of knowledge, personalities and perceptions and don’t assume that inevitable behaviors mean the same thing to everyone.
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Overcoming communication Barriers in the middle of population